Willow dung ƙwaro (Coprinellus truncorum) hoto da bayanin

Contents

Willow dung irin ƙwaro (Coprinellus truncorum)

Tsarin tsari:
  • Rarraba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Yankin yanki: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Darasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricles (Agaric ko Lamellar)
  • Iyali: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Halitta: Coprinellus
  • type: Coprinellus truncorum (Willow dung ƙwaro)
  • Agaric logs Scop.
  • A tari na rajistan ayyukan (Kwafi)
  • Coprinus micaceus sensu dogon
  • Ruwan agaric Huds
  • Agaricus succinius Batsch
  • Coprinus Trunks var. eccentric
  • Coprinus baliocephalus Bogart
  • Fatar granulated Bogart

Willow dung ƙwaro (Coprinellus truncorum) hoto da bayanin

Sunan yanzu: Coprinellus truncorum (Scop.) Redhead, Vilgalys & Moncalvo, Taxon 50 (1): 235 (2001)

Halin da wannan ƙwaro na dung bai kasance mai sauƙi ba.

Nazarin DNA da Kuo (Michael Kuo) ya ambata a cikin 2001 da 2004 ya nuna cewa Coprinellus micaceus da Coprinellus truncorum (Willow dung beetle) na iya zama iri ɗaya. Don haka, ga nahiyar Arewacin Amirka, Coprinellus truncorum = Coprinellus micaceus, kuma bayanin su shine "daya don biyu". Wannan baƙon abu ne, saboda Kuo iri ɗaya yana ba da nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan iri biyu ne.

Ko yaya lamarin yake a Amurka, Index Fungorum da MycoBank ba su dace da waɗannan nau'ikan ba.

An fara bayyana Coprinellus truncorum a cikin 1772 ta Giovanni Antonio Scopoli a matsayin Agaricus truncorum Bull. A cikin 1838 Elias Fries ya canza shi zuwa halittar Coprinus kuma a cikin 2001 an canza shi zuwa halittar Coprinellus.

shugaban: 1-5 cm, har zuwa iyakar 7 cm lokacin buɗewa. Bakin ciki, da farko elliptical, ovoid, sannan mai siffar kararrawa, a cikin tsofaffi ko bushewa namomin kaza - kusan sujada. Fuskar hular tana da radially fibrous, tare da rashin daidaituwa da wrinkles. Fatar fata tana da fari-launin ruwan kasa, rawaya-launin ruwan kasa, ɗan ƙaramin duhu a tsakiya, an rufe shi da farar fata, ba mai sheki ba, mai laushi mai laushi. Tare da shekaru, ya zama tsirara, tun lokacin da plaque (sauran murfin na kowa) an wanke shi da ruwan sama da raɓa, yafa masa. Naman da ke cikin hula yana da bakin ciki, faranti suna bayyana ta cikinsa, don haka ko da ƙananan ƙananan samfurori suna da hula duka a cikin "wrinkles" da folds, sun fi bayyana fiye da tabo na dung dung beetle.

faranti: kyauta, akai-akai, tare da faranti, adadin cikakkun faranti 55-60, nisa 3-8 mm. White, fari a cikin samari samfurori, launin toka-launin ruwan kasa tare da shekaru, sa'an nan kuma baki da sauri narke.

kafa: tsawo 4-10, har zuwa 12 cm, kauri 2-7 mm. Silindrical, rami mara kyau a ciki, mai kauri a gindi, na iya kasancewa tare da kauri mara bayyana. Filayen siliki ne don taɓawa, santsi ko an rufe shi da zaruruwa na bakin ciki sosai, fari a cikin namomin kaza.

Ozonium: bace. Menene "Ozonium" da kuma yadda yake kama - a cikin labarin na gida dung beetle.

ɓangaren litattafan almara: fari, fari, gaggautsa, fibrous a cikin kara.

Spore foda tambari: bakar.

Jayayya 6,7-9,3 x 4,7-6,4 (7) x 4,2-5,6 µm, ellipsoid ko ovate, tare da tushe mai zagaye da koli, launin ruwan ja. Ƙofar tsakiya na ƙwayar ƙwayar cuta tana da faɗin 1.0-1.3 µm.

Tashin dung ƙwaro tabbas naman kaza ne da ake ci, kamar ɗan'uwansa tagwaye, Shimmering dung beetle.

Ya kamata a tattara huluna matasa kawai, ana ba da shawarar tafasa na farko, aƙalla minti 5.

Yana girma daga ƙarshen bazara zuwa kaka, a cikin dazuzzuka, wuraren shakatawa, murabba'ai, wuraren kiwo da makabarta, akan ruɓaɓɓen bishiyu, kututtuka da kusa da su, musamman akan itatuwan poplar da willow, amma baya raina sauran bishiyu. Zai iya girma a cikin ƙasa mai arziƙi.

Rararen kallo. Ko kuma, mafi kusantar, mafi yawan masu zabar naman kaza suna kuskure da Glimmer Dung.

Ana samun su a Turai da Arewacin Amurka. A wajen waɗannan nahiyoyi, ɓangarorin kudancin Argentina da kudu maso yammacin Ostiraliya ne kawai aka rubuta.

A cikin wallafe-wallafen kimiyya na Poland, an kwatanta yawancin abubuwan da aka tabbatar.

Willow dung ƙwaro (Coprinellus truncorum) hoto da bayanin

Gudun dung irin ƙwaro (Coprinellus micaceus)

A cewar wasu mawallafa, Coprinellus truncorum da Coprinellus micaceus sun yi kama da cewa ba nau'in jinsi ba ne, amma ma'ana. Dangane da bayanin, sun bambanta kawai a cikin ƙananan bayanan tsarin tsarin cystids. Sakamakon farko na gwaje-gwajen kwayoyin halitta ya nuna babu bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta tsakanin wadannan nau'in. Alamar macro da ba ta da tabbas: a cikin ƙwanƙwasa mai ƙyalli, barbashi a kan hular suna kama da gutsuttsura masu walƙiya na uwar lu'u-lu'u ko lu'u-lu'u, yayin da a cikin kudan zuma dung willow kawai fari ne, ba tare da haske ba. Kuma dung dung ƙwanƙwasa willow yana da ɗan ɗan “nanne” hula fiye da mai sheki.

Don cikakken jerin nau'in irin waɗannan nau'in, duba labarinan labarin flekering Dunge.

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