Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

Contents

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

Tsarin tsari:
  • Rarraba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Yankin yanki: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Darasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (na matsayi mara tabbas)
  • oda: Polyporales (Polypore)
  • Iyali: Fomitopsidaceae (Fomitopsis)
  • Halitta: Postia (Postiya)
  • type: Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

Kamancin:

  • Postia mai kumburi-ciki
  • Postia nade
  • Oligoporous nade
  • Oligoporus mai ban mamaki

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

Sunan yanzu: Postia ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Vesterh., in Knudsen & Hansen, Nordic Jl Bot. 16 (2): 213 (1996)

Postia folded-ciki yana samar da nau'ikan jikin 'ya'yan itace guda biyu: ainihin ci gaban jikin 'ya'yan itace da abin da ake kira "conidial", mataki mara kyau. Jikunan 'ya'yan itace na iri biyu na iya girma duka gefe da gefe kuma a lokaci guda, kuma ba tare da juna ba.

ainihin fruiting jiki lokacin matashi, a gefe, taushi, fari. Yana girma ɗaya ko cikin ƙananan ƙungiyoyi, jikin da ke kusa zai iya haɗawa zuwa manyan siffofi marasa tsari. Samfurin guda ɗaya zai iya kaiwa diamita har zuwa 10 cm, tsayi (kauri) na kusan 2 cm, siffarsa mai siffar matashin kai ko semicircular. Filayen balagagge, mai gashi, fari a jikin samari masu 'ya'yan itace, suna juya launin ruwan kasa a cikin tsofaffi.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

Jikin 'ya'yan itace a cikin matakin conidial ƙanana, kusan girman ɗan yatsa zuwa girman kwai kwarto, kamar ƙananan ƙwallo masu laushi. Farko fari, sannan rawaya-launin ruwan kasa. Lokacin da suka girma, sai su zama launin ruwan kasa, gaggautsa, foda da tarwatsewa, suna sakin chlamydospores balagagge.

Hymenophore: Tubular, wanda aka kafa a cikin ƙananan ɓangaren jikin 'ya'yan itace, da wuya, marigayi kuma da sauri ya lalace, wanda ke sa ganewa da wuya. Tubules suna raguwa da gajere, 2-5 mm, ƙananan, a farkon ƙananan, kusan 2-4 a kowace mm, siffar "zuma" na yau da kullum, daga baya, tare da girma, har zuwa 1 mm a diamita, sau da yawa tare da bangon karya. Hymenophore yana samuwa, a matsayin mai mulkin, a ƙarƙashin jikin 'ya'yan itace, wani lokaci a gefe. Launi na hymenophore shine fari, mai tsami, tare da shekaru - cream.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

(Hoto: Wikipedia)

ɓangaren litattafan almara: taushi a cikin samari 'ya'yan itace, mafi m da m a tushe. Ya ƙunshi filayen da aka tsara radially waɗanda aka ware ta ɓoyayyun da ke cike da chlamydospores. A cikin sashe, ana iya ganin tsarin yanki mai ma'ana. A cikin manya namomin kaza, naman yana da rauni, ɓawon burodi.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

Chlamydospores (wanda ke samuwa a mataki mara kyau) sune oval-elliptical, mai kauri, 4,7 × 3,4-4,5 µm.

Basidiospores (daga jikin 'ya'yan itace na gaske) suna da elliptical, tare da murƙushe hanci a ƙarshe, santsi, mara launi, yawanci tare da digo. Girman 4-5,5 × 2,5-3,5 µm.

Rashin ci.

Postia folded-bellied - marigayi jinsunan kaka.

Girma a kan deadwood, kazalika da tushen m a kan mutuwa da kuma raunana itacen rai itatuwa a coniferous da gauraye gandun daji, yafi a kan conifers, musamman a kan Pine da spruce, kuma lura a kan larch. Har ila yau yana faruwa a kan bishiyoyi masu banƙyama, amma da wuya.

Yana haifar da rubewar itace.

Baya ga gandun daji na dabi'a da shuka, yana iya girma a waje da gandun daji akan itacen da aka bi da shi: a cikin ginshiƙai, ɗakuna, a kan shinge da sanduna.

Jikunan 'ya'yan itace sune shekara-shekara, a ƙarƙashin yanayi masu kyau a wurin da suke so, suna girma kowace shekara.

Postia ptychogaster ana ɗaukarsa da wuya. An jera su a cikin Jajayen Littattafai na ƙasashe da yawa. A Poland, tana da matsayin R - mai yuwuwar fuskantar haɗari saboda iyakataccen kewayon. Kuma a cikin Finland, akasin haka, nau'in ba shi da wuya, har ma yana da sanannen suna "Powdered Curling Ball".

Ana samunsa a ko'ina cikin Turai da Ƙasarmu, Kanada da Arewacin Amirka.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) hoto da bayanin

Postia astringent (Postia stiptica)

Wannan postia ba shi da irin wannan shimfidar wuri na jikin 'ya'yan itace, ban da haka, yana da ɗanɗano mai ɗaci (idan kun kuskura ku gwada)

Irin waɗannan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan Postia da Tyromyces ne, amma ba su da yawa kuma galibi sun fi girma.

  • Arongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Haɗin kai, Mag. Gesell. Abokai na halitta, Berlin 3 (1-2): 24 (1809)
  • Ceriomyces albus (Corda) Sacc., Syll. naman gwari (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces albus var. Richonii Sacc., Syll. naman gwari (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces richonii Sacc., Syll. fungi. (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Leptoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Pilát, in Kavina & Pilát, Atlas Champ. l'Turai, III, Polyporaceae (Prague) 1: 206 (1938)
  • Oligoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Falck & O. Falck, a cikin Ludwig, busasshen bincike bincike. 12:41 (1937)
  • Oligoporus ustilaginoides Bref., Unters. jimlar kudin Mycol. (Liepzig) 8:134 (1889)
  • Polyporus ptychogaster F. Ludw., Z. da aka tattara. yanayi 3: 424 (1880)
  • Polyporus ustilaginoides (Bref.) Sacc. & Traverso, Syll. fungi. (Abellini) 20: 497 (1911)
  • Ptychogaster albus Corda, Icon. fungi. (Prague) 2:24, fi. 90 (1838)
  • Ptychogaster flavescens Falck & O. Falck, Hausschwamm-forsch. 12 (1937)
  • Ptychogaster fulginoides (Pers.) Donk, Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Ruwa., Ser. C, Biyu. Med. Sci. 75 (3): 170 (1972)
  • Strongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Ditmar, Neues J. Bot. 3 (3, 4): 55 (1809)
  • Trichoderma fulginoides Pers., Syn. meth. fungi. (Göttingen) 1: 231 (1801)
  • Tyromyces ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Donk, Meded. Kashi Sparrow. Ganye Rijks Univ. Fitowa 9:153 (1933)

Hoto: Mushik.

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