"Bari mu haɗa hannu, abokai": dalilin da yasa yake sauƙaƙa ciwo

Kuna shan wahala daga ciwo na yau da kullum ko za ku yi aikin likita na lokaci daya wanda yayi alkawarin rashin jin daɗi? Ka tambayi abokin tarayya ya kasance a wurin kuma ka riƙe hannunka: mai yiwuwa lokacin da ƙaunataccen ya taɓa mu, igiyoyin kwakwalwarmu suna aiki tare kuma muna jin dadi a sakamakon haka.

Tunani baya ga yarinta. Menene kuka yi lokacin da kuka fadi kuma kuka ji rauni? Wataƙila, sun garzaya wurin mahaifiya ko baba don su rungume ku. Masana kimiyya sun yi imanin cewa tabawa da ƙaunataccen zai iya warkar da gaske, ba kawai a cikin motsin rai ba, har ma da jiki.

Neuroscience yanzu ya kai matsayin da uwaye a duniya koyaushe suke ji: taɓawa da tausayawa suna taimakawa rage zafi. Abin da uwaye ba su sani ba shine tabawa yana daidaita raƙuman kwakwalwa kuma wannan shine abin da zai iya haifar da jin zafi.

"Lokacin da wani ya ba da ra'ayinsa tare da mu, ana haifar da irin wannan matakai a cikin kwakwalwarmu kamar dai mu kanmu muna jin zafi," in ji Simone Shamai-Tsuri, masanin ilimin halayyar dan adam kuma farfesa a Jami'ar Haifa.

Simone da tawagarta sun tabbatar da wannan lamarin ta hanyar gudanar da gwaje-gwaje iri-iri. Na farko, sun gwada yadda hulɗar jiki tare da baƙo ko abokin tarayya ya shafi tunanin ciwo. Sakamakon zafi ya haifar da zafi mai zafi, wanda ya ji kamar ƙananan ƙonewa a hannu. Idan batutuwa a wannan lokacin sun riƙe hannayensu tare da abokin tarayya, an fi sauƙin jure rashin jin daɗi. Kuma yayin da abokin tarayya ya ji tausayinsu, sun raunana suna kimanta ciwon. Amma tabawa wani baƙo bai haifar da irin wannan tasirin ba.

Don fahimtar yadda da kuma dalilin da ya sa wannan al'amari ke aiki, masana kimiyya sun yi amfani da sabuwar fasaha ta electroencephalogram wanda ya ba su damar auna sigina a lokaci guda a cikin kwakwalwar batutuwa da abokan su. Sun gano cewa lokacin da abokan tarayya suka riƙe hannayensu kuma ɗayansu yana jin zafi, siginar kwakwalwarsu suna aiki tare: sel iri ɗaya a wurare ɗaya suna haskakawa.

Shamai-Tsuri ya ce "Mun dade da sanin cewa rike hannun wani muhimmin bangare ne na goyon bayan jama'a, amma a karshe mun fahimci menene yanayin wannan tasirin," in ji Shamai-Tsuri.

Don yin bayani, bari mu tuna da neurons na madubi - ƙwayoyin kwakwalwa waɗanda ke jin dadi duka lokacin da mu kanmu muke yin wani abu da kuma lokacin da muka lura da yadda wani ke yin wannan aikin (a cikin wannan yanayin, mu kanmu muna samun ƙananan ƙonewa ko ganin yadda abokin tarayya ya samu). An lura da mafi ƙarfi aiki tare daidai a cikin yankin na kwakwalwa daidai da hali na madubi neurons, da kuma a cikin wadanda sigina game da jiki lamba isa.

Ayyukan zamantakewa na iya daidaita numfashi da bugun zuciya

"Wataƙila a irin wannan lokacin iyakokin da ke tsakaninmu da sauran sun yi duhu," in ji Shamai-Tsuri. "Mutum a zahiri yana raba wahalarsa tare da mu, kuma muna cire wani sashi."

An gudanar da wani jerin gwaje-gwaje ta hanyar amfani da fMRI (imagin maganadisu mai aiki). Da farko, an yi hoton tomogram ga abokin tarayya wanda ke jin zafi, kuma ƙaunataccen ya riƙe hannunsa kuma ya tausaya. Sannan suka leka kwakwalwar mai tausayi. A cikin lokuta biyu, an sami aiki a cikin ƙananan lobe na parietal: yankin da ƙananan ƙwayoyin madubi suke.

 

Abokan hulɗar da suka sami ciwo da kuma waɗanda aka riƙe da hannu kuma sun rage yawan aiki a cikin insula, ɓangaren ƙwayar ƙwayar ƙwayar cuta da ke da alhakin, a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, don jin zafi. Abokan hulɗarsu ba su fuskanci wani canje-canje a wannan yanki ba, tun da ba su fuskanci ciwo ba.

A lokaci guda kuma, yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa alamun bayyanar cututtuka da kansu (masana kimiyya sun kira wannan raɗaɗi mai raɗaɗi na zaruruwan jijiyoyi) ba su canza ba - kawai abubuwan da suka shafi batutuwa sun canza. "Dukkanin ƙarfin tasiri da ƙarfin zafi sun kasance iri ɗaya, amma lokacin da "saƙon" ya shiga cikin kwakwalwa, wani abu ya faru wanda ya sa mu fahimci abubuwan da ba su da zafi."

Ba duk masana kimiyya ba ne suka yarda da shawarar da ƙungiyar bincike ta Shamai-Tsuri ta cimma. Don haka, mai binciken Sweden Julia Suvilehto ya yi imanin cewa za mu iya yin magana game da alaƙa fiye da yadda ake haifarwa. A cewarta, tasirin da aka lura na iya samun wasu bayanai. Ɗayan su shine amsawar jiki ga damuwa. Lokacin da muke cikin damuwa, jin zafi yana kama da karfi fiye da lokacin da muka huta, wanda ke nufin cewa idan abokin tarayya ya kama hannunmu, mukan kwantar da hankali - kuma yanzu ba ma jin zafi sosai.

 

Bincike ya kuma nuna cewa hulɗar zamantakewa na iya daidaita numfashinmu da bugun zuciyarmu, amma watakila kuma saboda kasancewa kusa da masoyi yana kwantar mana da hankali. Ko wataƙila saboda taɓawa da tausayawa a cikin kansu suna da daɗi kuma suna kunna wuraren kwakwalwa waɗanda ke ba da tasirin "ciwowa".

Ko menene bayanin, lokaci na gaba da kuka je wurin likita, tambayi abokin tarayya ya ci gaba da kasancewa tare da ku. Ko inna, kamar a zamanin da.

 

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