Golden dung beetle (Coprinellus xanthothrix) hoto da bayanin

Contents

Golden dung irin ƙwaro (Coprinellus xanthothrix)

Tsarin tsari:
  • Rarraba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Yankin yanki: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Darasi: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Subclass: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricles (Agaric ko Lamellar)
  • Iyali: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • Halitta: Coprinellus
  • type: Coprinellus xanthothrix (Golden dung beetle)
  • Coprinus xanthothrix Romagn
  • Coprinellus xanthotrix (haruffa)

Golden dung beetle (Coprinellus xanthothrix) hoto da bayanin

Sunan yanzu: Coprinellus xanthothrix (Romagn.) Vilgalys, Hopple & Jacq. Johnson, Taxon 50 (1): 235 (2001)

Henri Charles Louis Romagnesi ya fara bayyana nau'in a cikin 1941 a ƙarƙashin sunan Coprinus xanthothrix. Sakamakon nazarin halittu da aka gudanar a ƙarshen 2001th da XNUMXst ƙarni, mycologists sun kafa dabi'ar polyphyletic na jinsin Coprinus kuma sun raba shi zuwa nau'ikan da yawa. Sunan na yanzu, wanda Index Fungorum ya gane, an ba shi a cikin XNUMX.

shugaban: A cikin jikin 'ya'yan itace matasa har zuwa 40 x 35 mm, ovoid, elliptical ko kusan mai siffar zobe. A cikin aiwatar da maturation, hula yana buɗewa kuma ya sami siffar conical kuma, a ƙarshe, wani nau'i mai ma'ana tare da diamita har zuwa mm 70. Fuskar hular tana da haske mai launin ruwan kasa ko fari mai tsatsa a tsakiya, mai haske da sheki zuwa gefuna. An rufe shi da ƙananan ɓangarorin da suka rage na gadon gado na kowa, a tsakiyar - launin ruwan kasa, launin ruwan kasa, kuma kusa da gefuna - cream ko ocher.

An saka: kyauta, 3-8 (har zuwa 10) mm fadi, adadin cikakke (kai zuwa kara) faranti daga 55 zuwa 60, tare da faranti (l = 3-5). Da farko suna da fari, fari mai tsami, sannan sun yi duhu tare da spores kuma su zama launin toka-launin ruwan kasa, a ƙarshe baƙar fata.

kafa: 4-10 cm tsayi, 0,4-1 cm a diamita, cylindrical tare da tushe mai kauri mai siffar kulob, fibrous, m. Fuskar gindin fari ce, a gindin tushe mai tsatsa.

Ozonium: akwai. Menene "Ozonium" da kuma yadda yake kama - a cikin labarin na gida dung beetle.

ɓangaren litattafan almara: bakin ciki, maras kyau, farar fata, ba tare da ɗanɗano da ƙanshi ba.

Spore foda tambari: duhu launin ruwan kasa, baki.

Fasalolin ƴan ƙananan yara

Jayayya 6,7–9,9 x 4,4–6,3 x 4,9–5,1 µm, ovate ko ellipsoidal, ana gani daga gefe, kawai wasu daga cikinsu suna da siffar wake. Suna da launin ruwan ja kuma suna da tushe mai zagaye da tip.

Eccentric pores na kwayoyin germ 1,3 µm fadi.

Bazidi 14-34 x 7-9 µm, 4 spores, kewaye da 3-6 pseudoparaphyses. Pleurocystidia 50-125 x 30-65 µm, kusan mai siffa, ellipsoidal ko kusan cylindrical.

Saprotroph. Yana girma guda ɗaya ko a cikin ƙananan ƙungiyoyi akan matattu, rassan bishiyoyi masu banƙyama da suka fadi, sau da yawa akan kututture.

A cikin Turai, Coprinellus xanthothrix yana bazuwa kuma yana iya zama gama gari, amma saboda matsalolin ganowa, masu ɗaukar naman gwari na iya yin kuskure ga wasu, sanannun nau'ikan dung beetles.

Yana ba da 'ya'ya daga bazara, har ma daga farkon bazara har zuwa yanayin sanyi.

Babu wani abin dogara bayanai, ko da yake, mafi m, naman kaza ne edible a matashi shekaru, kamar duk irin wannan dung beetles.

Duk da haka, a lokacin ƙuruciyar, har sai hula ta fara bayyana, ƙwayar gwal na zinariya yana kama da ƙwanƙwasa mai haske - Coprinellus radians, wanda, bisa ga labarin "Rare Fungal Keratitis Caused by Coprinellus Radians" na iya haifar da keratitis na fungal.

Za mu sanya ƙwanƙwasa gwal ɗin gwal a hankali a cikin "Inedible Species" kuma za mu ba da shawara ga masu cin naman kaza masu daraja don tunawa da wanke hannayensu bayan haɗuwa da namomin kaza, musamman ma idan sun so su kwatsam idanunsu ba zato ba tsammani.

Golden dung beetle (Coprinellus xanthothrix) hoto da bayanin

Dung beetle (Coprinellus domesticus)

Ya bambanta da ɗanɗanan manyan jikin 'ya'yan itace da fararen ma'auni na lamellar a saman hular. Waɗannan ƙwaro na dung ba za a iya dogara da su ba kawai ta hanyar duban ganima.

Don jerin ƙananan dung beetles tare da ozonium, duba labarin Dung beetle.

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