Cutar huhu mai haɗari

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Ciwon huhu babban abokin gaba ne. Yawanci yana haifar da cututtuka na numfashi na baya da kuma matsalolin da ke biyo baya. Magani ba shi da sauƙi kuma sau da yawa yana ƙare tare da tsayawa a asibiti, musamman ma lokacin da tsofaffi ba su da lafiya.

An bayyana ciwon huhu a matsayin duk wani kumburi da ke faruwa a cikin huhu - a cikin alveoli da kuma a cikin nama na tsakiya. Wannan cuta tana faruwa sau da yawa, ba tare da la'akari da yanayi ba. Mahimmanci, yana iya faruwa a hanya mai banƙyama, ba tare da alamun bayyanar da farko ba.

Cutar cutar

Cutar da ba a kula da ita ba, ba tare da magani ba (kwayoyin cuta ko ƙwayoyin cuta) na sashin numfashi na sama (ruwan hanci, laryngitis) na iya yaɗuwa cikin sauƙi zuwa ƙananan hanyoyin numfashi, wanda zai haifar da mashako ko ciwon huhu. Wannan gaskiya ne musamman lokacin da ƙwayoyin cuta ke da ƙarfi kuma an rage garkuwar jiki.

Kwayoyin cuta suna da alhakin abin da ake kira ciwon huhu, mafi tsanani hanya ita ce mura. Irin wannan nau'in yana yawan kai hari a lokutan annoba. Cutar ta kan ci gaba a matakai biyu. Da farko, muna magance alamun sanyi kawai: marasa lafiya suna koka da rashin lafiya, zazzabi, sanyi, zafi a cikin tsokoki, haɗin gwiwa, kai, suna da rauni. Wani lokaci ba su san cutar da suke tasowa ba. Sai kawai bayan 'yan kwanaki ko ma da yawa, lokacin da ƙwayar huhu ta shafa, alamun tsarin numfashi suna bayyana - ciwon kirji, rashin ƙarfi na numfashi da bushewa, tari mai gajiya.

Bakteriya masu sneaky

Wani lokaci mura (viral) ciwon huhu yana da rikitarwa ta hanyar ƙwayar cuta ta ƙwayoyin cuta kuma ta juya zuwa abin da ake kira ciwon huhu. Gabaɗaya yana kai hari ga mutanen da ba su da rigakafi, musamman yara da tsofaffi. Irin wannan kumburi yana da fifiko ga: cututtukan numfashi na yau da kullun, misali mashako, emphysema, bronchiectasis, cututtuka na zuciya da jijiyoyin jini, misali lahani na zuciya, rage garkuwar jiki saboda wasu cututtuka, kamuwa da kwayar cuta, musamman mura, kamuwa da cuta na nosocomial. Alamun kumburi suna bayyana kansu a cikin nau'i na kwatsam, zazzabi mai zafi, sau da yawa sama da 40 ° C. Har ila yau, akwai sanyi, yawan gumi da rauni mai tsanani. Akwai tari mai yawan fitarwa, ciwon kirji, da dyspnea mai tsanani daban-daban. Mafi yawan abin da ke haifar da ciwon huhu shine Streptococcus pneumoniae - kusan kashi 60-70% na duk kumburi. Irin wannan cuta sau da yawa tana gaba da kamuwa da cututtuka na numfashi na sama. Abu na biyu mafi yawan kumburin kumburi shine kwayar cutar Haemophilus mura. Staphylococcal pneumonia na iya zama rikitarwa na mura ko wasu kamuwa da cuta.

Menene ake buƙata don ganewar asali?

Tuni a lokacin auscultation da bugun kirji, likita ya lura da canje-canje a cikin huhu, wanda ke cikin ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta - yana jin kullun, rales, wheezing. Wani lokaci yakan ba da umarnin X-ray don tabbatar da ganewar asali. A cikin ciwon huhu na hoto ko bidiyo mai zagaya yanar gizo da sauri, hoton yana da duhu, shading lobe na kwayan cuta yana toshewa kuma yana haɗuwa, kuma ruwa yana iya kasancewa a cikin kogon pleural. Wani lokaci ƙarin gwaje-gwaje wajibi ne: jini, ƙwayoyin cuta, bronchoscopy, lissafta tomography na huhu.

Jiyya a ƙarƙashin kulawar likita

Maganin ciwon huhu dole ne ya kasance ƙarƙashin kulawar likita mai tsauri, kuma hanyoyinsa sun dogara da dalilin kumburi. Magungunan rigakafi gabaɗaya ba dole ba ne a cikin kumburin ƙwayar cuta, kodayake wani lokacin likita na iya ba da umarnin su don hana kamuwa da kamuwa da ƙwayoyin cuta. Magungunan kashe radadi, masu tsautsayi, da magungunan rage zazzabi ana yawan rubuta su. Wani lokaci kuna buƙatar maganin oxygen da magungunan zuciya. Kwayoyin rigakafi magani ne mai tasiri akan kwayoyin cuta. Dole ne a gudanar da zaɓin da ya dace daga farkon cutar. Ya faru da cewa likita, bayan ƴan kwanaki na rashin tasiri magani, canza miyagun ƙwayoyi zuwa wani daban-daban. Dole ne kada a katse maganin rigakafi - likita ne kawai ya yanke wannan shawarar.

Yana da matukar muhimmanci a bude hanyoyin iska. Ya kamata ku yi tari sau da yawa, bugun ƙirji, yin motsa jiki na numfashi (kwance tare da durƙusa ƙafafu a gwiwoyi, yin numfashi mai zurfi ta hanci yayin da kuke fitar da ciki da kuma fitar da ciki a hankali ta baki tare da jan ciki - sau 3). rana don minti 15). Hakanan kuna buƙatar ba da ruwa mai yawa, kamar lita 2 kowace rana. Godiya ga su, danko na sputum zai ragu, wanda zai sauƙaƙe tsammanin sa. Abinci mai kyau amma mai sauƙin narkewa yana da mahimmanci.

Duba kumaPneumocystosis - bayyanar cututtuka, ba shakka, magani

Yaushe zuwa asibiti?

Ana iya maganin ciwon huhu a gida, amma ko da yaushe a karkashin kulawar likita. Duk da haka, a wasu lokuta dole ne a kai asibiti. Wannan yana faruwa a lokacin da yanayin cutar ya yi tsanani kuma mai haƙuri yana cikin rashin lafiya. Wannan ya shafi tsofaffi da yara.

Yana da kyau a jaddada cewa ciwon huhu na iya haifar da rikitarwa mai tsanani. Mutanen da ke fama da matsanancin rashin lafiya, musamman waɗanda ke fama da wasu cututtukan numfashi, na iya fama da matsanancin gazawar numfashi. Mutanen da ke fama da cututtuka na zuciya da jijiyoyin jini, ciwon sukari da kuma ciwon daji suma suna cikin haɗari. Idan pleurisy ya faru, haɓakar ruwa yana matsawa huhu kuma yana yin wahalar numfashi. Ƙunƙarar huhu, watau necrosis na ƙwayar huhu wanda ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta ke haifar da raunuka na purulent, na iya zama matsala mai tsanani. Wasu lokuta rikitarwa daga ciwon huhu na kwayan cuta na iya haifar da sepsis mai barazanar rai.

Rubutu: Anna Romaszkan

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