Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) hoto da bayanin

Contents

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus)

Tsarin tsari:
  • Rarraba: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Yankin yanki: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Darasi: Dacrymycetes (Dacrymycetes)
  • Subclass: Incertae sedis (na matsayi mara tabbas)
  • Oda: Dacrymycetales (Dacrymycetes)
  • Iyali: Dacrymycetaceae
  • Halitta: Dacrymyces (Dacrymyces)
  • type: Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces zinariya spore)
  • Dacrymyces palmatus
  • Tremella palmata Schwein

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) hoto da bayanin

Sunan yanzu shine Dacrymyces chrysospermus Berk. & MA Curtis

A cikin 1873, Masanin ilimin kimiyya na Burtaniya Miles Joseph Berkeley (1803-1889) da dan kasar New Zealand Moses Ashley Curtis suka bayyana naman gwari, wanda ya ba shi suna Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

Etymology daga δάκρυμα (dacryma) n, hawaye + μύκης, ητος (mykēs, ētos) m, naman kaza. Takamammen epithet chrysospermus ya fito ne daga χρυσός (Girkanci) m, zinariya, da oσπέρμα (Girkanci) - iri.

A wasu ƙasashe masu magana da Ingilishi, namomin kaza na jinsin Dacrymyces suna da madadin sanannen suna "man shanu", wanda a zahiri yana nufin "manyan maita".

a cikin jikin 'ya'yan itace babu furci hula, kara da hymenophore. Madadin haka, duk jikin 'ya'yan itace dunƙule ne ko kwakwalwa kamar dunƙule mai ƙarfi amma nama gelatinous. Jikin 'ya'yan itace masu girma daga 3 zuwa 20 mm duka a faɗi da tsayi, da farko kusan mai siffar zobe, sa'an nan kuma ɗaukar wani nau'i mai nau'in kwakwalwa mai murƙushewa, siffa mai laushi kaɗan, yana samun kamannin kafa da hula mai siffar tsefe. Fuskar tana da santsi kuma mai ɗaure, duk da haka, a ƙarƙashin haɓakawa, ana iya lura da ɗan ƙanƙara.

Yawancin 'ya'yan itace suna haɗuwa cikin ƙungiyoyi daga 1 zuwa 3 cm tsayi kuma har zuwa 6 cm a faɗi. Launi na saman yana da wadataccen rawaya, rawaya-orange, wurin da aka makala zuwa ga substrate yana kunkuntar kuma yana da fari sosai, lokacin da aka bushe, jikin 'ya'yan itace ya zama launin ruwan kasa mai launin ja-launin ruwan kasa.

ɓangaren litattafan almara na roba gelatin-kamar, zama mai laushi tare da shekaru, launi iri ɗaya kamar saman jikin 'ya'yan itace. Ba shi da ƙamshi da ɗanɗano.

spore foda – rawaya.

Jayayya 18-23 x 6,5-8 microns, elongated, kusan cylindrical, santsi, bakin ciki mai bango.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) hoto da bayanin

Yana zaune a kan ruɓaɓɓen kututtuka da kututturen bishiyoyin coniferous. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari, a matsayin mai mulkin, a cikin ƙungiyoyi a kan yankunan itace ba tare da haushi ba, ko daga fashewa a cikin haushi.

lokacin 'ya'yan itace - kusan duk lokacin dusar ƙanƙara daga bazara zuwa ƙarshen kaka. Hakanan yana iya fitowa a lokacin narkewar hunturu kuma yana jure sanyi a ƙarƙashin dusar ƙanƙara da kyau. Yankin rarraba yana da yawa - a cikin yanki na rarraba gandun daji na coniferous na Arewacin Amirka, Eurasia. Hakanan ana iya samun shi a arewacin yankin Arctic Circle.

Naman kaza yana cin abinci amma ba shi da wani dandano. Ana amfani da shi danye duka a matsayin ƙari ga salads, da kuma tafasa (a cikin miya) da kuma soyayyen (yawanci a cikin batter).

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) hoto da bayanin

Dacrymyces vanishing (Dacrymyces deliquescens)

- dangin gelatinous mai kama da shi yana da ƙananan, jikin 'ya'yan itace masu kama da lemu ko rawaya, tare da mafi ƙarancin ɓangaren litattafan almara.

Dacrimyces zinariya spores, duk da mabanbantan sifofin microscopic, kuma yana da kamanni na waje da wasu nau'ikan rawar jiki:

Golden Trembling (Tremella aurantia) sabanin dacrimyces aureus spores, yana tsiro akan mataccen itacen bishiyoyi masu ganye da kuma parasitizes akan fungi na kwayar halittar Stereum. Jikunan 'ya'yan itace na girgizar zinariya sun fi girma.

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) hoto da bayanin

Orange rawar jiki (Tremella mesenterica)

- Har ila yau, ya bambanta da girma a kan bishiyoyi masu banƙyama da parasitizes akan fungi na jinsin Peniophora. Jikin 'ya'yan itacen orange yana rawar jiki gabaɗaya ya fi girma kuma ba shi da irin wannan furci mai launin fari a wurin da aka makala wa ƙasa. Foda na spore, a gefe guda, fari ne da bambanci da launin rawaya spore foda na Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

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Hoto: Vicki. Muna buƙatar hotuna na Dacrymyces chrysospermus!

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